Low Back Pain (LBP)

AcuHealth Chiropractic of Columbus Ohio explains Low Back Pain

Do you know why low back pain is so common? This question has perplexed all of us, including top researchers for a long time! Is it because we’re all inherently lazy and don’t exercise enough? Or is it because we have a job that’s too demanding and stressful on our back? To properly address this question, here are some interesting facts:

The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) is very common, as 70-85% of ALL PEOPLE have back pain that requires some sort of treatment at some point in their life.

On a yearly basis, the prevalence of back pain averages 30% and once you have back pain, the likelihood of it happening again is extremely high.

General back pain is the most common cause of activity limitation in people less than 45 years of age.

General back pain is the 2nd most frequent reason for doctor visits, the 5th leading reason for hospital admissions, and is the 3rd most common cause for surgical procedures.

About 2% of the US workforce receives compensation for back injuries annually.

Similar statistics exist for other countries, including the UK and Sweden.

So, what are the common links as to why back pain is so common? One reason has to do with the biomechanics of the biped – that is, the two legged animal. When compared to the 4-legged species, the vertically loaded spine carries more weight in the low back, shows disk and joint deterioration and/or arthritis much sooner, and we overload the back more frequently because, well, we can!

We have 2 free arms to lift and carry items that often weigh way too much for our back to be able to safely handle. We also lift and carry using poor technique. Another reason is the blood supply to our disks is poor at best, and virtually becomes non-existent after age 30. Because this happens, it makes healing of disk tears or cracks nearly impossible. Risk factors for increased back injury include heavy manual lifting requirements, poor work environment, and prior incidence of low back pain.

Other risk factors for lower back pain include psychosocial issues such as fear of injury, beliefs that pain means one should not work, beliefs that treatment or time will not help resolve a back episode, the inability to control the condition, high anxiety and/or depression levels, and more.